Hemp questions: Where does CBD come from?
As one of the longest cultivated plants in the history of human agriculture, hemp has been used for a variety of purposes, from extremely durable paper products to cloth for ship sails and even clothing. Once a formidable crop for agriculture due to its various uses as a textile and other applications, in recent years, hemp has been shunned by industry due to its connotation as an illicit drug. It’s medicinal benefits have been implemented for thousands of years, and thanks to organic chemistry and microbiology we are beginning to understand just how and why these complex protein molecules in hemp and marijuana affect the human body, as well as ways to unlock the benefits. From inflammation to treatment of seizures, CBD and THC are both effective for a variety of health and wellness plans.
What is CBD?
CBD is an abbreviation for cannabidiol, which is a complex organic chemical compound which occurs naturally in many plants, however it is produced in large amounts by hemp and marijuana plants, particularly the flowering “bud” of the female plant. A significant percentage of the entire weight of a hemp plant can contain this oil, which can be extracted in a number of different ways. CBD differs from THC in that the synthesis of CBD in hemp plants is nowhere near the level that it is in marijuana plants, which produce the psychoactive tetrahydrocannabinol, which is similar in molecular structure to CBD, but lacks the psychoactive properties of the similar THC molecule. Due to the sugar specific enzymes of the hemp and marijuana plant, one creates CBD and the other creates THC.
Your body naturally processes either chemical compound, specifically with CB 1 and CB 2 receptors. The result of this process is using the beneficial properties of the oil and delivering them to where they are most needed and best used by the body. Similar to how food is digested and vitamins, proteins, and other nutrients are delivered via the circulatory system to the part of the body where they are needed.
How is it extracted?
CBD can be extracted from hemp plants in the same way that THC is. It can be extracted through the use of hydrocarbons such as ethanol or butane to get a high grade of oil. Through a mechanical process, rather than chemical, liquid carbon dioxide can be used to fracture the cell membranes of the plants and then the solvent CO2 is evaporated off without any sort of residual contamination, while the oil is collected, complete with terpenes and other beneficial components. The remaining vegetable matter is turned into mulch or even used for its fiber in making other products. Nothing is wasted!
The extracted CBD is then used in a variety of products:
Hemp vs. Marijuana
Many different reasons can be attributed to the demonization of hemp. It is no wonder that ignorance is the primary reason that a once pervasive and utilitarian crop has been the cause of such controversy in the 20th Century and beyond. Hemp is a relative of the marijuana plant, both being a species of cannabis, and due to their similarities, the hemp plant was found to be very effective at concealing the cultivation of the Federally controlled marijuana plant. Across the board restriction of cultivating hemp was the shortsighted answer.
A once prolific plant grown for its fiber and versatility became a controlled substance; guilt by association, as it were. There is also the problem of cross-pollination, in which wild marijuana plants can cross pollinate with hemp plants and inadvertently increase their levels of THC. Legally, in the US, CBD can be legally produced in hemp plants only, since THC is a controlled substance. Marijuana plants, being mass producers of THC, are considered illegal in many states and by the Federal government due to their use as a recreational drug.
The chemical compound of CBD is like the all work and no play of the cannabis plant. CBD produces many of the same effects without the “high” THC produces. This is especially useful for children and people whose pre-frontal cortex may be affected by THC content, as well as people not interested in the high THC produces but would still like to benefit from what CBD has to offer for their health and pain management.
We encourage you to stay curious about the ever-evolving scientific research on CBD and the effects it has on the human body. With the growing interest in the potential benefits of CBD and other cannabinoids, more wide spread research is certainly expected to increase. Stay up to date with TerraVida Online’s extensive blog, with almost daily posts, of the most current information available. If you prefer to speak with one of our customer service specialists then please contact us
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