CBD and drug tests: What athletes should know
If you are a performing athlete and you are planning to use CBD products, you may be wondering if this is going to affect your drug screenings. We have done all the research for you so that you understand fully where you stand. How your drug test will come out depends entirely on which class of CBD. Luckily, we have the class of CBD products that have a very low risk of violating drug regulations.
The commonest CBD products on the market are full spectrum and isolate CBD. They are normally marketed as “pure CBD,” but for clarity we will use the terms “CBD isolate” and “full spectrum CBD.” On our website we sell products that are made from full spectrum CBD without any THC. We explain below what these products are and why they may be best for you if you will be tested for drugs.
Full Spectrum CBD Products
Full spectrum CBD is extracted from the seeds and stems of hemp plants. It contains CBD as the major active ingredient, terpenes and cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN and less than 0.3% THC all of which occur naturally in hemp. Products made with full spectrum CBD include oils, topicals, softgels and a few other options.
Full spectrum CBD products contain less than 0.3% THC which is really trace amounts. First, this level of THC will not give you a “high.” Secondly, if you are concerned with drug screenings, you may still have something to worry about. In January 2018, the WADA raised the urinary threshold of THC from 15 nanograms per milliliter to 150 nanograms per milliliter. However, depending on how long you have been using full spectrum CBD products, you may have too much THC in your urine. It is advisable to avoid these products so that you do not violate doping regulations. That is, unless the THC has been removed as the case with products that we sell on this website in which all traces of THC have been removed. These are terravidaonline.com softgels, vape, capsules, pet products and other products.
CBD Isolate Products
If you are faced with routine drug screenings, you are better off using CBD isolate products. During extraction, CBD is actually isolated from other compounds and what remains should be almost pure CBD and nothing else. The word “almost” here is significant because trace amounts of THC and other compounds still remain. You have to rely on what the numbers on the label say. Any product that contains 99.9% CBD is less likely to have discernible amounts of THC. Any product that contains 99.5% CBD or less is likely to have higher amounts of THC that can be identified during the test. While 99.9% CBD cannot be guaranteed, drug tests are less likely to pick up any amounts of THC.
How drug screens work
There are several types of tests used but here we will discuss the urine drug screen (UDS), the most commonly used test. It is a low cost, convenient and pain-free procedure that is used to analyze urine. It tests for prescription and illegal drugs such as cocaine, marijuana, PCP, barbiturates, methadone, benzodiazepines, opioids (narcotics), methamphetamines and amphetamines. Urine tests come in two forms, the immunoassay test and the gas chromatography/mass spectrometry test.
The immunoassay test gives rapid results and is more affordable. Unfortunately, it is likely to give false positives, i.e. a person can test positive for drugs that are not in his/her system. Also, it does not pick up all forms of opioids. This test does not measure drugs by the way. It tests how the drugs act in the person’s immune system to determine if it builds antigen-antibody complexes. It has a cutoff that is stated in nanograms per milliliter (ng/ml). If the amount found in the urine is above the cutoff number, you get a positive result. The test involves using a simple test strip that is dipped in the urine and turns a different color to indicate the presence of a particular drug. The person who administers the test does not add the numeric values of the findings but simply sends a simple positive or negative result to the people requesting the test.
The more thorough UDS is the gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) test. It requires more time and it usually gives true positives. These are two tests that work together. Gas chromatography (GC) separates various components in the urine to identify a specific compound or to test the purity of the urine. Mass spectrometry (MS) classifies ions based on their mass. Together, the two tests measure the quantities of chemicals in your urine by comparing your sample to a clean sample.
Both types of test can give a false negative, meaning that a person may have the tested drugs in their system but they are not detected.
Here is an important tip for people who go through these tests. You are now aware that the tests have potential for false positives. Therefore, if you know clearly that there are no drugs in your system and you get a positive result, find out which UDS was used. In fact, if the result is instant, they have most likely used the immunoassay test but ask to be sure. If indeed they have used the immunoassay test, request a second screening using a GC/MS.
Which CBD Product is Safe for Drug Tests?
Drug screenings are designed to test for THC when testing for marijuana. Unfortunately, any CBD product can contain trace amounts of THC which may lead to positive screenings. Pure CBD isolate should contain very little or no THC but there are no guarantees that it is safe when it comes to drug screening. The best you can do as a CBD consumer is to stop using all substances before your planned screening. To be safe, stop at least 10 days before the urine test to improve the chances of testing negative.
There are, however, products that have zero THC. Our range of terravidaonline.com CBD products such as softgels, topicals, capsules and vape products contain “zero THC.” They are made from broad spectrum CBD that contains no THC whatsoever. Because they are broad spectrum, you still benefit from the presence of terpenes and other cannabinoids. Because there is no THC whatsoever, your risk of violating drug screenings is next to none.
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