CBD and dogs
Dogs, like humans, have an endocannabinoid system, but it works slightly differently, with a higher concentration of CB1 receptors in the cerebellum than us. THC is a agonist of these receptors which means that dogs have increased sensitivity to it, but CBD is different because it does not directly interact with the CB1 receptors. It is highly unlikely that CBD would harm a dog, but anything that with THC should be avoided unless suggested by a vet.
THC does also have medicinal value, but can produce a psychoactive effect that may increase anxiety if given in raised doses. CBD extracts are generally safer and the two can only be used in conjunction for therapeutic purposes. Only a few states in the USA allow extracts with higher concentrations of THC.
The preferred extracts are those with high CBD which usually have very low levels of THC (less than 0.3%). The best way to check these levels are by requesting third-party laboratory certification. This way the pet owner can ensure that they are giving their beloved pet a safe product.
The main reasons dog owners give them CBD are because of separation anxiety issues and arthritis.
CBD and cats
Cats can also benefit from CBD in a similar way, even though there is less information available from cat owners. Cat owners have different health concerns. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects out of 10 geriatric cats, and CBD seems to offer them some relief. CBD treats the symptoms of CKD which include decreased appetite and weight loss due to nausea. CBD seems to restore their appetite since it alleviates the feeling of nausea and it fights and reduces inflammation.
Health Benefits of CBD for pets
Science does back up some of the health benefits of using CBD for pets. In one survey, carried out by the American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association (AHVMA), 600 pet owners responded on where they found that their pets were offered relief. These included: pain relief, assistance in sleep, relief from anxiety, nervous system support, reduced inflammation, reduced seizure, prevention from vomiting and nausea, reduced muscle spasms, help with digestive tract issues, relief from uncomfortable skin conditions and reduction in some cancerous cell growth.
In a scientific study, recently conducted by Cornell University’s College of Veterinary Medicine, it was shown that CBD helped reduce pain in dogs suffering from osteoarthritis. They also had an increased ability to move around.
It appears that the health claims made by pet owners who believe in the benefits of CBD are valid.
Choosing the correct CBD product
CBD sellers are developing a wide range of products suited to pets. These include: oils, tinctures, sprays, topical products and treats.
Quality is essential so the pet owner will have to do some homework before deciding on which product is best. Its best to prefer products intended for pets and third-party laboratory testing is important in order to verify potency, presence of pesticides, microbial presence and solvents. The better quality CBD pet products also have dosage guidelines, but these are better when given by the attending veterinarian.
The concurrent use of CBD with other medications should also be discussed with a veterinarian, since the efficacy of these could be reduced by the CBD. Products designed for human consumption may include ingredients not healthy for pets, so should best be avoided.
What to look out for when buying?
- Products extracted from hemp
CBD extracted from hemp is safer than that extracted from marijuana since it has much lower levels of THC and is safer for dogs. Hemp extracts are legal and also have far more beneficial cannabinoids and come out in full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD products which include terpenes. The best products for pets are full-spectrum since they offer a synergistic effect with greater therapeutic value.
Hemp plants are highly absorbent and can accumulate elements from the soils they are grown in. The best CBD oil comes from organic grown hemp that has no traces of metal toxicity. No pet owner wants to give toxic products to their pet.
Human products can also contain certain ingredients that are not good for pets, so natural does not always mean safe. One example of this is xylitol a sugar-free sweetener used in human foods which is extremely toxic to dogs. Most reputable manufacturers have information about sourcing and standards on their websites.
In order for CBD oil to be easily absorbed most products are infused with other oils. One of the healthiest is olive oil, which is an unsaturated fat. Coconut oil is also used but it is a saturated fat and often causes diarrhea and high cholesterol levels in pets. CBD oil is the best choice for dogs, because it can easily be added to their food.
- Difference between hemp seed oil and CBD
Hemp seed oil is not the same as CBD, even though it can give pets a healthy coat and skin, it does not offer pain relief nor does it have anti-inflammatory qualities. Hemp seed extract is pressed from the seeds of the hemp plant and does not contain any cannabinoids. The health advantages of CBD come from the trichomes of the flowers of the hemp plant.
Here is a guide to some of CBD products that are specially designed to bring relief and added benefits to your beloved pets.
4 Corners Cannabis
Located in Bayfield, Colorado, 4Corners Cannabis is dedicated to producing excellent CBD products that are effective and third part tested for transparency. They only use one strain of cannabis for extraction and they are a seed to sale operation. Pedigree is their pet hemp oil made from full-spectrum CBD and its organic and limonene free. Depending on the bottle size it contains 250 mg to 1000 mg CBD and the product helps anxious pets live a more relaxed, happier and healthier life.
CBD American Shaman
Using only the highest quality hemp, CBD American Shaman, is dedicated to bring health and wellness to all, pets included. Their CBD oil is terpene rich and is 100% organic, gluten free, non-GMO and has no traces of metals and insecticides. Each ingredient used in each batch is third party laboratory tested. Canine CBD Hemp Oil Tincture THC Free helps manage pain, reduce anxiety and improves the overall health of pets. It comes out in two flavors, beef and cheese, and each bottle contains 300 mg of CBD. Dosage for improve wellbeing is 1 ml twice a day.
Located in Orem, Utah, Hemplucid has a whole range of CBD dietary products for pets called Roxy Pets. These full spectrum CBD bonded productsare nutritious and make a wonderful addition to any pet’s diet. It causes them to relax, be calm, helps with mobility problems and playfulness. Hemplucid uses 100% organic hemp rich whole plant oil which improves appetite, digestion, relieves joint pain and stiffness and promotes a healthy skin and fur. Hemplucid have al products tested by third party laboratories and they all have specification sheets.
Hemp My Pet
Located in Longmont, Colorado, Hemp My Pet oversees the quality and integrity of all their products from seed to sale. All the pet products contain human grade ingredients of the best quality. Believing that all animals have the right to heal naturally their products are beneficial for both mental and physical healing. Hemp My Pet has three CBD oil options and CBD infused biscuits. All the biscuits are handmade in small batches to provide tasty pet treats every time. Each product is third party tested and made from ingredients that are GMO free, gluten free and cruelty free.
Located in Colorado, HolistaPet uses only natural hemp oil that contains 0% THC, have no additives or preservatives to help pets achieve the best health benefits. In addition to CBD the products all contain organic super foods and are third party laboratory tested. The company makes CBD oil for dogs and cats and has CBD infused pet treats that have anti inflammatory, anticonvulsant and anti psychotic properties for pets. The products also help with anxiety, nausea, pain, cancer and arthritis. The Pet treats offer a boost to the pet’s immune system, providing overall health and wellness.
Located in League City, Texas, Honest Paws puts pet health first and that pets can benefit with the help of 100% full spectrum CBD oil. Honest Paws pet hemp oil, Purity CBD Oil, come in three purity levels. Level 1 contains 125mg of cannabidiol and is for smaller pets; up to 25lbs. Level 2 contains 250 mg of Cannabidiol and is for medium sized pets weighing in between 25-30 lbs. Level 3 contains 500mg of Cannabidiol and is for pets 50 lbs and over. These pet hemp oils improve anxiety, epilepsy, seizures, joint problems, pain and inflammation and are all third party laboratory tested.
Located in Austin, Texas, Joy Organics is using organically grown hemp from the USA. All products are third party laboratory tested and contain no THC, so there are no psychoactive side effects. They offer the highest quality products with high potency. Joy’s Full Spectrum CBD Tincture acts fast and is easy to administer into the pet’s mouth or food. The 1 oz bottle has all the benefits of phytocannabinoid rich hemp oil and pets benefit by being less anxious and stress free. The pet owner will see an overall improvement in the health of their pet.
Located in Dunlap, Tennessee, Kat’s Naturals creates farm to home CBD oil sourced locally and organically grown. The pure CO2 extraction ensures a 99% pure products which are also third party laboratory tested. Each product is shipped with a certificate of analysis. Pet Carecontainsonly CBD oil and extra virgin olive oil. It helps pets with anxiety, pain, inflammation and seizures. A few drops in the pet’s ear canal, will suffice and it will be quickly absorbed into the mucous membrane. Each bottle contains 300mg per oz of CBD.
Located in Plantation, Florida, all the products at King Kanine are made from non synthetic and completely natural products. They are all independently tested by third party laboratories and the results are displayed on the company’s website. The products are THC free and CBD has anti inflammatory properties. King Kalm Crunch and Calming Balm are two of their products which help relieve anxiety, pain, seizures, skin problems and other conditions. King Kalm Crunch is an Omega 3 rich cookie made with only organic ingredients and it has anti oxidant benefits. A daily dose keeps pets healthy and offers overall wellbeing.