What Consumers Learn from CBD Third-Party Lab Tests
As a CBD manufacturer, TerraVida wants our customers to know that we take seriously the integrity of all our quality products. That’s why we work with certified testing labs ProVerde and Botanacor for our CBD lab tests. Thanks to their state-of-the-art facilities, we’re able to ensure that all of our CBD products are as natural, effective, and safe as possible.
A certificate of analysis (COA) involves several critical lab tests. These lab test results are not only necessary for distributors to be able to transport and sell extracts, they’re also important for the benefit and well-being of consumers of CBD products.
Here are the most common tests required for all extracts:
Table of Contents
#1 Cannabinoid Profile
Cannabis Plant contains more than 480 chemical compounds.
The cannabinoid profile is done in the laboratory. Cannabinoids are compounds found in hemp and cannabis plants—a plant may contain more than 140 different types of cannabinoids.
Cannabinoids—These are compounds derived in isolate and distillate forms. Isolate contains more than 99% pure CBD, while distillate (full-spectrum and broad-spectrum oils) contains the full spectrum of cannabinoids available in the plant, such as the beneficial CBG, CBC, CBN, and other cannabinoids.
Third-party lab tests are vital in determining that the product contains no residual solvents. Solvents are unsafe for human consumption and are therefore monitored in hemp products. There are different types of solvents with different levels of acceptability in extracts. For example, level 1 solvents should never, or almost never, be found in extracts. These are things such as carcinogens that pose the greatest risk to humans or the environment. The solvents measured are listed with a pass or a fail value next to their names—unlike the cannabinoid profile, which will have percentage values.
Solvents—Utilized in the extraction process, solvents often leave minute traces behind in the final product. Solventless extraction methods (such as CO2) leave less residue, but all of our products must undergo this critical element of testing.
#3 Pesticides and Heavy Metals
Hemp and cannabis extracts need to be tested for pesticides and heavy metals. Just as with food crops, regulators want to make sure that consumers aren’t exposed to dangerous substances. The CBD COA will include a pesticide and metal analysis to confirm whether or not there are dangerous levels of pesticides or metals in an extract. As with the solvent test, the extract will be given either a pass or fail.
Metals—Heavy metals such as arsenic, mercury, and lead are common hazards in agriculture. These often infect plants as a result of runoff or pollution. These compounds can be harmful when ingested.
Pesticides—As with metals, these are a common hazard in modern agriculture. Since hemp absorbs almost everything it touches, plants grown using pesticides often retain significant amounts of them. Pesticides are essentially poison and should not be ingested.
Although state laws do not require it, some CBD extracts are tested for terpenes. Terpenes are non-cannabinoid compounds found in essential oils that give them different smells and flavors. This test result for terpenes is returned as the percentage of each terpene contained in the oil.
Terpenes—As with cannabinoids, there are benefits to these compounds. Terpenes are known for a variety of positive effects, including pharmacological results as well as aroma. Higher percentages of terpenes are usually found in full-spectrum or broad-spectrum oils, but are not present in isolates.
Before purchasing CBD oil online, you should know that lab testing from a third party is the best way to ensure that the product you’re getting is of the highest quality. Third-party testing is the de facto authority on a product’s integrity. A genuinely unbiased certification is a consumer’s best friend.